Kidney Infection: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Kidney infections are life-threatening health conditions affecting many worldwide. If left untreated, these may have severe and long-lasting consequences. These infections are medically called pyelonephritis. 

A kidney infection is usually caused when bacteria enters and infects one or both kidneys. It usually happens when a lower Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is not or is inadequately treated. Due to an infection, you may struggle with inflammation. So, if you are struggling with any health symptom, mild or severe, you can search for ‘Lupin Diagnostics near me.’ Their healthcare experts may provide precise diagnoses and treatments, ensuring your overall health. 

Causes of Kidney Infection

1. Bacterial Invasion

One of the primary causes of kidney infections is the entrance of bacteria into the urinary tract through the urethra or bladder. These infections may originate as lower Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) and travel up to the bladder. If infections are not treated timely, bacteria may enter the kidneys. 

2. Obstructions

Some obstructions, such as kidney stones and tumors, may decrease urine flow. Stagnant urine can be a breeding ground for bacteria, thereby increasing the risk of kidney infection. 

3. Catheter Use

People with urinary catheters are more likely to be infected with kidney infection. Catheters may introduce bacteria into the urinary tract. 

4. Weakened Immune System

You are at a greater risk of developing kidney infections if you have a weak immune system. Additionally, you may suffer from other kidney-related problems if you have health issues like diabetes.

5. Pregnancy

Expectant mothers can get infected with kidney-related issues. It mainly occurs due to changes in the urinary tract and pressure on the bladder.

6. Aging

As you age, the urinary tract may not eliminate bacteria effectively. It increases the susceptibility to kidney infections. 

Symptoms of Kidney Infection

You must note that kidney infection symptoms may vary from person to person. However, the common symptoms of kidney infection are:-

  • Fever
  • Shivering/chills
  • A burning feeling or pain when urinating
  • Having to urinate often
  • A strong, lasting urge to urinate
  • Back, side, or groin pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Blood in the urine
  • Urine that smells bad or is cloudy
  • Abdomen pain

If you are struggling with health symptoms, you can visit Lupin Diagnostics pathology lab today. Any delay in medical attention can be fatal. With precise diagnosis and treatment, you may return to an active lifestyle and be healthy. 

Complications of Kidney Infections

If your kidney infection is not treated correctly, you may face serious complications, such as:-

1. Kidney Damage

It is one of the most common complications of kidney infection. Due to infection, there can be inflammation of the kidney tissue. It may impair the kidney’s ability to filter waste and regulate fluid balance. You must note that kidney damage can cause kidney failure. 

2. Sepsis

Due to the spread of bacteria in the bloodstream, you may suffer from a medical condition called sepsis. It is when the immune system reacts to the infection at an extreme, which may further lead to organ dysfunction, including the lungs, heart, and liver. Thus, you may visit the nearby diagnostics lab to prevent severe medical issues. 

3. Abscess Formation

If you have a severe kidney infection, you can develop pockets of pus, known as abscesses. If not drained surgically, you may face severe pain and complications.

4. Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

With chronic kidney infections and damage, you may suffer from extreme hypertension. It may increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other problems. 

5. Pregnancy Complications

If you are an expectant mother suffering from kidney infection, you may struggle with complications, such as premature birth and low birth weight of newborns. 

6. Renal Papillary Necrosis

Renal papillae are kidney structures through which urine flows to the uterus. If you suffer from severe conditions, renal papillae can be damaged, resulting in bloody urine & more kidney-related issues. 

7. Mental Health Effects

If you are struggling with discomfort, pain, and potential long-term complications of kidney infections, they can adversely impact your mental health. You may suffer from anxiety, mood swings, and depression. 

Diagnosis & Treatment

At the best diagnostic lab, healthcare professionals conduct precise medical tests to test the functioning of your kidneys. Some of these tests include:-

Kidney Function Test (KFT)

It includes many blood tests that help assess your kidneys’ functioning. It can diagnose kidney-related issues precisely. The tests include Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) Urea, Uric Acid, and BUN/ Creatinine Ratio.

Creatinine Clearance Test

This test examines the kidney’s ability to remove creatine ( a waste product in urine) from blood. Creatinine is cleared from the body by the kidneys. 

If your kidney functions abnormally, there can be increased creatinine levels and less excretion. Due to excess creatinine levels, you may face kidney-related problems, like kidney failure. With a creatinine clearance test, doctors can monitor your kidneys effectively. After precise diagnosis, healthcare experts provide the best treatments tailored to your needs.

Microalbumin Creatinine Ratio, Spot Urine

It helps measure the albumin-to-creatinine ratio in urine. Albumin is a type of protein, while creatinine is a waste product found in urine. You may suffer from kidney disease if you have higher levels of albumin. On the other hand, lower levels indicate the presence of infection or inflammation. Doctors can easily monitor your health and suggest effective treatments. 

Bottom Line

Kidney infection has severe complications. You may suffer from extreme health issues, from kidney failure to pregnancy problems. Common symptoms of kidney infection include shivering, burning sensation while urinating, fever, and vomiting. If you experience any discomfort, you may look for ‘Lupin Diagnostics near me.’ Their healthcare professionals may diagnose you accurately and provide quick medical reports. They may help you get the best treatment to stay healthy &  safe. 

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Back to top button